Industrial Property Protection

INDUSTRIAL  PROPERTY PROTECTION

Iran is a member of the Paris Union International  Convention for the protection of  Industrial Property and world  Intellectual  Property  Organization (WIPO). Citizens  of member  countries  are  entitled  to receive patent and trademark rights identical to those of Iranian nationals.  Also  under the Convention, if a foreign national  makes  application for a patent  in his own country and within twelve months makes similar  application in Iran or another  convention country, the filing date shall be considered  the same as that  of the original application.

Non-residents  desiring to file patent and trademark applications in Iran must do so through an attorney or other representative in residence here who must be given full power of attorney for that purpose . Applications must be prepared in the Persian. General inquiries regarding patent,  trademark and copyright  procedures in Iran may be addressed to Director,  Registration Office of Company and Industrial  Property, Tehran, Iran.  The investor should refer to the law on Registration of  Trademarks and Patents of June  1931, and implementing  regulations effective July  15, 1958.

PATENTS

Patents are granted for 5, 10,15 or a maximum of 20 years at the option of the inventor.  Fees are levied annually for  the duration of the patent.  Additions or improvements may later be included and are protect able for the duration of the basic patent.  An inventor holding an unexposed patent registration in a foreign country can  apply for a corresponding  patent in Iran.  The  validity period  shall be the same as the  original patent.  However, if a person or firm in Iran has completely or partially exploited, or made preparations to exploit  the said invention prior to application , the inventor will not have the right to oppose the actions of said person or firm.

Patent applications are examined only for correctness of  documents and compliance  of the subject  matter with patent ability  specifications . A paten table invention must be  novel and capable  of  practical  use in industry  or  agriculture . The novelty is prejudiced,  if it is given publicity in Iran or abroad before  application procedures are completed . Unfavorable decisions on an  application may be appealed to the courts.

Financial plans,  inventions which  may  be  contrary  to  public  order,  health or good   morals,  and    medicinal    formulas   or  compounds  are  not  paten table. Processes for the  manufacture of pharmaceuticals are   paten table.
If  a   patent  is  not  exploited   within  five  years  from  the  effective  date  of  grant,  any  interested  party   may  apply   for  its  nullification. Persons  who  believe  their   interests  are   being  adversely  affected  by  a  registered   patent , may  file   for  cancellation  with  the  courts.  Patents  and  trademarks   may  be   licensed  or assigned,  but  such  action  must  be  recorded  with  the  Registration  Office  to  be  effective.

TRADEMARKS     

Trademark   registrations  are  effective  for  ten years  following  the  dated   of  filing  the  application  and  may  be   renewed  for  similar  periods. Applications  are  made  public  so  that   interested   parties  may  inspect  and  contest  them.  If   another  party  wishes  to  contest   on grounds  of prior  use,  he  must  do so  within  three years  after   the  time  the  registered  mark  becomes   incontestable  on  these   grounds. 

The  application  is  examined  for  format  and  consistency  for  register ability . If  the  Registrar  rejects   an  application ,  the  applicant   may  appeal   to the  courts.  According  to existing   regulations , all  commercial   and  industrial   products  are   classified  into  36  categories. The  following  are  not  register able  as  trademarks :(1)  those  containing  Governmental  insignia  or  emblems  of  official  institutions  such  as   Red  Crescent  and  revolutionary  foundations ; (2)  those  containing  a picture  of the  Leader  or  the  President  of  the   Islamic  Republic  of  Iran ( except by special   permission ) ; (3)  those  conveying  an   impression  of  a  connection  with  the  high  ranking  officials  of the  Government; (4)  those  contrary  to public   order  or  good  morals; (5)  those  likely  to  mislead  the  consumer  as  to origin   or  quality  of  goods.

If  a  trademark  has  not  been  used  within  three  years  of  its  registration,  any  interested  party   may  apply  for   cancellation.

COPYRIGHTS

Although  there is  no  copyright  law  in  Iran, Articles 23  through  31  of the  Law  for  the  Protection  of  the  Rights  of  Authors,  Composers  and  Artists  of  January  1st  1970  may   be  invoked   in  favor   of  an  author  if  it  is  determined   that  his  work  has  been  published   without  his or  his  heirs  permission . Under  these  provisions , owners  of  intellectual  works  are   also   entitled   to  protection  of  publication  rights  and  against  infringing  import  practices.