Geographic Characteristics & Strat. Position
Iran occupies a most prominent politico-economic position in the Middle East. With a surface area of 1,648,000 square kilometers, and such an strategic position, the country is truly unique, and enjoys many advantages.
After the collapse of the ex-USSR in 1991, Iran gained a more prominent position in the region, acting as a “bridge” that links the Middle Asian states in the north to the wealthy people south of the Persian Gulf who are both producers and consumers. It also provides for Middle Asia, a sea route, via the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Omen, to India, China and African countries.
Iran is cosily nestled in the middle of a market with 380 million consumers. It has direct land or sea routes to: Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, the Republic of Armenia, Independent Republic of Nakhichevan, Turkey, Iraq, Kuwait, UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman and Pakistan. It can provide transit routes linking the northern states – the ex-Soviet Republics – to the other states by sea and land, without the necessity of passage through a third country. It also joins the Caspian Sea to the Indian Ocean by road and railway.